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What Do Glow Sticks Do?

Glow sticks are a standard accessory to parties for decades. Any party, festival or school party is complete without some glow sticks to the mix. Have you ever considered the research of bulk glow sticks? What causes glow sticks to glow? What does it have to do with them? have to do with fireflies? Why are they the sole source of light suitable for use in an emergency?

What is the process of making light? Let me excite your atoms…

Light is created by the moment an external source of energy excites atoms, which causes them to release a plethora of energy known as photons.

As an example when you turn an on a lightbulb it generates heat energy, which causes the atoms to be excited and speed up. As they speed up, they come into contact with each other with greater force, and transfer energy to electrons in the atom. The electrons temporarily get excited and ‘excited’ to the point of higher energy and when they return to their normal level, they release a portion of their energy as light photons.

There are a myriad of techniques that can be utilized to create light. However, the two most familiar with in your daily life are:

Incandescence: Light is released due to heat. This is the way fire produces light, and the same way that your typical light bulb operates.

Phosphorescence and Fluorescence Light is released by radiation energy. This is how television displays and fluorescent lights bulbs generate light.

Glow sticks emit light the same manner – many excited atoms smashing into one another, release energy through light photons. However, instead of radiation or heat the chemical reaction is employed to activate the atoms of the material. The process is referred to as chemiluminescence.

What’s chemiluminesence and what’s it for when you’re at home?

Chemiluminescence is a type from a naturally occurring phenomenon referred to as luminescence. Basically, luminescence refers to the process of producing light that is not heated.

It is everywhere in nature. Glow worms and fireflies use luminescence to attract their mates, and the Anglerfish (that large, scary fish from Finding Nemo) uses it to draw prey.

Chemiluminescence recreates the luminescence seen in nature, by mixing a variety of chemical substances to produce an chemical reaction. When the chemicals combine, the atoms in them reorganize to create new compounds. The energy produced by this chemical reaction is reflected in the emission of light.

In simple terms they emit luminescence when two chemical compounds mix. The glow stick is merely a container to house the chemical solution for the reaction.

The majority of glow sticks consist of two compartments. A tiny, brittle container is tucked away within an outer, flexible plastic container. Each of these containers contains an ingredient that is chemical.

The glow stick’s brittle inside container snaps, releasing the contents into the substances in the outside container. This is when the atoms of your body are excited and start emitting energy through light.

The glass bottle contains diphenyl-oxalate solutions as well as the fluorescent dye. It is contained within a plastic casing, which also houses the solution of hydrogen peroxide. Once the glass is broken, the two solutions are mixed. The resultant chemical reaction creates the appearance of a glowing. It is important to note that these chemicals could cause irritation to the skin, and glass vials can produce sharp shards when they are snapped. We do not advise the dismantling of the glow stick.

In addition, since glow sticks utilize an chemical reaction inside the tube that is sealed to create light, they are the most secure kind of light that you can make use of following a catastrophe. In situations where the temperature needed for incandescent light could be hazardous, glow sticks are the best choice.

If you’re in process of stocking up your underground bunker to prepare for the apocalypse to come We’ve got all that glow stick you’ll require.

Here’s the science-y part…

Typically, glow sticks utilize the chemical reaction of the solution of hydrogen peroxide and a solution containing diphenyl oxide and an fluorescent dye. It’s like this:

Diphenyl Oxalate is oxidized through hydrogen peroxide. This creates an instabil substance (1,2-dioxtanedione).
The insoluble compound breaks down into carbon dioxide, and releases energy in the fluorescent dye when it breaks down.
Energy released triggers electrons of the dye atoms jump into a higher state. When they return to normal levels, the electrons emit their energy as a form light.

Chemical reactions are irreversible this is the reason why glow sticks have only one function. But, you can slow or speed up the reaction by using the heat.

Put a glow stick in your armpit. The additional heat energy speeds up the reaction. The object (the glow stick rather than an armpit) will be brighter for a shorter time. Place your glow stick in the freezer to reduce the speed of reaction. The light will dim but its glow lasts much longer.

It can be done in a slow or fast manner. occurs, in the end all the diphenyloxalate and hydrogen peroxide will be consumed through an chemical reaction. If one of these compounds is exhausted the glow stick stops blinking.

What is it that makes glow sticks glow in different colors?

A variety of chemical compounds are used to produce the chemiluminescence. Based on the chemical employed, and the type of dye employed, the glow stick emits different colors of light.